It is said that you can tell where an elephant comes from by looking at the size of his ears. African ears are like a map of Africa and Asian ears smaller like the shape of India. African ears are much bigger and reach up and over the neck, which does not occur in Asian elephants.
Indian elephants have smaller ears, but relatively broader skulls and larger trunk than African elephants. Toes are large and broad. Unlike their African cousins, their abdomen is proportionate with their body weight but the African elephant has a large abdomen as compared to the skulls.
African Elephants can live up to 70 years in the wild. They are the largest of all land mammals and can spend up to 16 hours a day eating. They consume between 300 to 500 pounds of food per day. They have bad eyesight, however, the largest brains in the animal kingdom. Males will only leave the herd at the age of between 12 to 15 years.
Elephants can give birth every 3 to 4 years and the gestation period is 2 years. Babies, when born, can weigh approximately 250 pounds. It is the only mammal that cannot jump. The average weight of an elephant heart is between 27 to 47 pounds. Only at the age of 16 can the female Elephant reproduce but rarely has more than 4 children.
- They have the longest pregnancy of all mammals 22 months
- They prefer one tusk from the other, just like humans being left or right handed
- The Trunk has 40 000 muscles in it
- The trunk can sense size, shape and the temperature of the object